Isfahan also Romanized as Esfahān; historically also rendered in
English asIspahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan
Province in Iran, The cities of Zarrinshahr, Fooladshahr and Najafabad,
Shahinshahr, Mobarakeh, Falavarjan and Charmahin all constitute the
metropolitan city of Isfahan .
Isfahan is located on the main
north–south and east–west routes crossing Iran, and was once one of the largest
cities in the world. Particularly in the 16th century under the Safavid
dynasty, when it became the capital of Persia for the second time in its
history. Even today, the city retains much of its past glory. It is famous for
its Persian–Islamic architecture, with many beautiful boulevards, covered
bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets. This led to the Persian proverb
"Esfahān nesf-e- jahān ast" (Isfahan is half of the world). The
Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the largest city squares in the
world and an outstanding example of Iranian and Islamic architecture. It has
been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The city also has a wide
variety of historic monuments and is known for the paintings, history and
The history of Isfahan can be
traced back to the Paleolithic period. In recent discoveries, archaeologists
have found artifacts dating back to the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic,
Bronze and ages Today Isfahan, the third largest city in Iran, produces fine
carpets, textiles, steel, and handicrafts. Isfahan also has nuclear
experimental reactors as well as facilities for producing nuclear fuel (UCF).
Isfahan has one of the largest steel-producing facilities in the entire region,
as well as facilities for producing special alloys.
The city has an international
airport and is in the final stages of constructing its first Metro line.
The city is located in the lush
plain of the Zayanderud River, at the foothills of the Zagros mountain range.
Isfahan is an important historical center for different groups of tourists in
the domestic and international world. The central historical area in Isfahan is
called Seeosepol (the name of a famous bridge). Isfahan is served by the
Isfahan International Airport which handles domestic flights to Iranian cities
and international flights.